Purchase & Sale Agreements

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Purchase Agreements: A Comprehensive Guide

People enter partnerships with business owners hoping that the relationship will last for as long as the business operates. However, despite the excitement of a new business, being realistic is imperative. Any of the parties involved may decide to leave the business in the future, which is why all parties involved must protect themselves from that possible outcome.

If your business involves the sale of properties such as a corporation, then the use of a Purchase Agreement or Asset Purchase Agreement is highly essential. If your company is into buying or selling of goods, the Purchase Agreement serves as documentation of the transaction. They cover transactions for nearly all types of products, especially when the purchase price is higher than CAD $660. Although, they can also be used for smaller transactions.

In any sales process, the Purchase Agreement template is the main legal agreement document, which outlines the agreed elements of the deal, includes several important protections to all the parties involved and provides the legal framework to complete the sale. The offer process, the documents used for it, and the people eligible to prepare these documents differ from state to state, and even city to city.

A Sales Agreement is one of the most important documents in the life of a business owner. Therefore, it should be carefully and rigorously approached, with legal experts guiding both the seller and the buyer. Moreover, even though you can acquire a business and/or asset based on an invoice, it is advised that parties involved enter into a Business Purchase Agreement template. This affords the buyer greater assurance that the assets include everything required to run the business.

If you are thinking of creating a contract for the sale of a good or property, it is important that you read this guide carefully, as it will help you with everything you need to know about preparing a Purchase Agreement.


The buyer and seller must negotiate the price of the product to be sold and the conditions for the transaction before any deal can be agreed upon. A binding and legal contract that obligates this transaction between two parties – the buyer and the seller – is referred to as a Purchase Agreement. The Purchase Agreement is a framework for the negotiations process. It is often used when dealing with a large purchase, such a piece of real estate, or frequent purchases over a period. Purchase Agreements are used by large, publicly traded companies in their supply chains. They are set up to help suppliers and purchasers predict demand and costs, and the more the transaction size increases, the more critical the purchase agreement.

A Purchase Agreement is different from a purchase order template. A purchase order is an offer to purchase goods, while the agreement is the commitment to make the purchase. The Purchase Agreement prices and discounts override all prices and discounts indicated in any commercial contract that may exist.


A Purchase Agreement also referred to as Sale and Purchase Agreement template (SPA) is a legal contract that requires a buyer to buy and a seller to sell a product or service. When two or more people agree on a deal and the price, then a purchase contract is established. A Purchase Agreement template is also considered an agreement between two parties by which one person (the seller) agrees to deliver a certain thing to another (the buyer) in exchange for a sum of money. Therefore, this agreement carries a series of obligations and rights for each of the parties.

Sale and Purchase agreements are found in all types of businesses but are mostly associated with real estate deals to finalize the interests of both parties before closing the deal. Not only do SPAs dictate the terms of the sale, but they also contain detailed information about the buyer and the seller.

They serve as a record of deposits made as negotiations progress, parts of the agreement that have already been fulfilled, or transactions that have already been completed, as well as an official record of when the final sale is to take place.


Within the sale, there are some variations of contracts. As soon as the seller accepts the order, it becomes a binding contract - purchase agreement. The type of purchase agreement you will use will depend on your situation. Some of the most popular purchase agreements downloaded by business professionals in Business-in-a-Box include the agreement of purchase and sale of shares template, the buy sell agreement, agreement of purchase and sale of shares by shareholder template and the bulk sale agreement. However, you will find that there are purchase agreements that go beyond these.

Standard Purchase Agreement

This is the most widely used type of purchase agreement. Standard purchase agreements are typically used for one-time purchases. In this type of purchase agreement, details about the items to be purchased, quantities, payment terms and the delivery date are outlined.

Planned Purchase Agreement

When partnering with a single supplier as your sole source of specific goods or services, a planned purchase order is required. It is a long-term agreement committing to buy items or services from a single source. Tentative delivery schedules and all details for goods or services that you want to buy, including charge account, quantities, and estimated cost must be specified.

Blanket Purchase Agreement

A Blanket Purchase Order incorporates several potential orders into one. It basically outlines the items and total quantity needed. It may or may not include pricing. If it does not include pricing, it may include price breaks that the seller is willing to offer.

A Blanket Purchase Agreement is created when you know the details of the goods or services you plan to buy from a specific supplier in a period, but not the details of your delivery schedules yet. When you need to specify negotiated prices for your items before purchasing them, a Blanket Purchase Agreement comes in handy.

Contract Purchase Agreement

When a Contract Purchase Agreement is involved, the buyer does not know which item or items will be ordered, instead, you agree upon terms and conditions with your supplier with the idea that these items and quantities will be known in the future. It is often set for a year and acts like a legal document. During the contract period, the buyer can send in a Standard Purchase Order that includes the details needed for each purchase.


There are many advantages of using a Purchase Agreement template over outright buying equipment. These advantages include the following:

1) It Minimizes Risks

A Purchase Agreement helps reduce the risk of losses and getting sued. When the terms of agreement are clearly mentioned and signed by the important parties, it reduces a proportion of risk.

It will also give the right to take legal action in case any of parties fail to meet the conditions mentioned in the contract. Doing this will provide you grounds to take legal action if any of the conditions mentioned in the contract are not met.

2) Clarity

A purchase agreement contains all important details related to the contract and expectations from each party. Hence, it is useful in providing clarity to employees, and both sellers and buyers.

3) Low Initial Financial Commitment

Purchase agreements help businesses to buy equipment that would have been difficult to acquire due to financial constraints. This is especially useful for small and medium-sized businesses. They help businesses to generate revenue within a short period of time with the acquired equipment and get their business up and running with minimal financial commitment at the start.

4) Purchase of Better-Quality Items

Purchase agreements give businesses more flexibility in what they buy, by allowing them to shop around for more costly and quality equipment.


Below is a guideline on how you can create your purchase agreement.

1) Mention Parties and Date of Agreement

Address the intention of participating parties in the first section of the Purchase Agreement.

2) Delivery

Mention all aspects about the delivery of the goods and services, which includes place, time, cost, method of delivery. It also specifies the liability of a party in case of a failed delivery or damage during delivery.

It should also include all scenarios including an act of God – flood, fire, riots, etc. – which may be out of the control of both parties.

3) Payment

Deciding the price of the goods and services is the most difficult and negotiated element of the sales contract. Hence, it is important to include the agreed price in written form as soon as it is decided.

4) Severability

In this section, you should include that all other sections mentioned in the contract will remain valid and will be enforced in case any of the provisions is not obliged.

5) Confidentiality

This section talks about the propagation of all information mentioned in the contract. It will specify the persons the information can be shared with and what actions should be taken in case of a breach of confidentiality.


No matter the type of Purchase Agreement you are creating, the following must be included:

  • The identity of the buyer and seller which includes their names, addresses, and phone numbers
  • A description of the property or items that are being purchased which includes their quantities
  • Terms regarding how and when payment will be made
  • Price of purchase
  • Type of sales
  • Contact information for witnesses or consigners
  • Dates relating to the fulfillment of various requirements
  • Signatures of both parties

Purchase Agreement may also contain additional details such as:

  • Any voluntary deposit payment made
  • Any warranty the seller makes regarding the quality of goods or their suitability and fitness for their intended use by the purchaser
  • Legally required disclosure
  • Consequences of default by either party

It is very important that the agreement fully outlines the responsibilities of each party. This is essential to control situations where one of the parties decides to get out of the purchase agreement. It can only happen if there is a breach of contract by the other party.

Therefore, Purchase Agreements must be clearly stated to avoid. It is advisable to have an attorney proofread the agreement once drafted before signing takes place.


A Purchase Agreement can be prepared by the buyer or the seller. Just like any contract, it can either be a standard document that one party uses in the normal course of business or the result of back-and-forth negotiations. In case additional terms which are not included in the standard agreement are negotiated, they can be stated in a Purchase Agreement addendum.

Preparing a Purchase Agreement can be time consuming and expensive, which is why it is important to make use of a trusted template by Business-in-a-Box for guidance. Sign up to access over 2000 business and legal documents and download your very own Purchase Agreement template.

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